There are many basic electronic components used to build electronic circuits. Without these components, the circuit design is never ready or has not worked properly. These components include resistors, diodes, capacitors, integrated circuits and so on. Some of these components consist of two or more connectors glued to the circuit boards. Some may be packaged types, such as integrated circuits that contain different semiconductors. Here is a brief overview of each of these basic electronic components and you can get detailed information by clicking on the links for each component.
Basic electronic components
Electronic components are separate basic units for use in any electronic electronics system that has different domains. These components are the basic elements used for the design of electrical and electronic circuits. These components have at least two connectors used to connect the circuit. The classification of electronic components can be done, for example, on the basis of active, passive and electromechanical applications.
The most important electronic components
The design of the electronic circuit takes into account the following:
Basic electronic components: capacitors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc.
Power supplies: Signal generators and direct current sources.
Measurement and analysis equipment: cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO), multimeters, etc.
These components are used to amplify electrical signals to produce electricity. The operation of these components can be done as an electrical circuit in the electrical equipment to protect the voltage and current. The active component performs its function because it is controlled by a power supply. All of these components require a power source, which is usually removed from the DC circuit. All high quality active components include an oscillator, an IC (integrated circuit) and a transistor.
Components of this type cannot use the power supply of an electronic circuit because they do not depend on a power supply, except for those available in the AC circuit to which they are connected. As a result, they cannot amplify even if they can increase the current, otherwise the voltage or current. These components mainly include bidirectional connectors, such as resistors, inductors, transformers and capacitors.
These components use an electrical signal to make some mechanical changes, such as rotating the motor. Typically, these components use an electric current to generate a magnetic field so that physical movement can occur. Different types of switches and relays can be used in this type of components. Devices that have both an electrical process and a mechanical process are electromechanical devices. The electromechanical component is used manually to produce electricity by mechanical movement.
Passive electronic components
These components can store or maintain energy in the form of current or voltage. Some of these components are discussed below.
A resistor is a bipolar passive electronic component used to resist or limit current. The resistor operates according to the principle of Ohm’s law, where “the voltage applied to the terminals of the resistor is directly proportional to the current flowing through it”